Shock loss is a common condition that follows a hair transplant surgery characterized by the shedding of freshly transplanted hair. It can occur in the recipient area as well as the donor site. Wondering why? Physical or emotional trauma is one of the most common causes of hair loss. During surgical hair restoration, when donor grafts are harvested, it causes trauma to the scalp muscles as well as the neighboring hair follicles, causing the follicles to undergo hibernation state. When a follicle undergoes hibernation, the first thing is does is shedding the hair shaft that has grown out of the skin.
Similarly, the surgeon punctures the scalp skin in the recipient area several hundred times to plant the extracted grafts. This causes trauma to the scalp muscles in the recipient area as well as the follicles surrounding it. The same follicular hibernation takes place in the recipient area as well, resulting in shedding of not only the transplanted hair but also the surrounding healthy hair. Hair Transplant Experts at Dubai Hair Club explain the process in more details here.
Does shock loss cause permanent hair loss?
The best thing about shock loss is that it is a temporary phenomenon. Hairs regrow automatically from the affected follicles within a couple of months, without needing any special medical assistance. However, you need to be very careful during the transition and recovery phase to make sure the newly transplanted follicles do not get damaged. Because once damaged, it becomes highly unlikely for the follicle to regrow hair ever again.
How to minimize the risk of shock loss?
Shock loss at donor site depends upon the hair transplant technique used. Both FUE Hair Transplant and FUE hair restoration cause trauma of different degree. FUT involves cutting of a strip of hair bearing skin and then stitching it back and thus causes much less trauma to the neighboring follicles than the FUE where the surgeon extracts every follicle individually, thus punching the scalp several hundred times.
Degree of shock loss caused by FUE may vary from minor to significant depending upon the number of grafts extracted as well as the surgical skills of the person performing the surgery. When punches are made right and to the right depth, this will minimize the shock to the scalp muscles and the grafts, ultimately minimizing the shock loss. On the other hand, a novice can make unsuccessful attempts while extracting the grafts. An unsuccessful attempt may cause trauma to the scalp and destroy a hair follicle, thus not only causing more trauma to the scalp but also destroying the donor grafts.
Experience and surgical skills of the person performing the hair transplant is crucial when it comes to minimizing shock loss. An inexperienced surgeon may cause permanent shock loss at the donor or recipient area or both. Therefore, if you are planning to undergo surgical hair restoration and wish to minimize hair shedding post-transplant, make sure you select the right person for the job.